A Checklist for Weekly Inspections
The ANSI/ISEA Z358.1-2014 standard states that plumbed emergency eyewash and eye/face wash stations should be visually inspected and activated every week. They require annual servicing to ensure effective operation. In addition, companies should train their employees on the location and use of the eyewash so that they know what to do in an emergency.
Note: Portable, self-contained emergency eye wash equipment requires weekly visual inspection only
Hughes Safety Showers has developed a weekly activation test record. You can download it here for your own record keeping. But do you know what to check for in your weekly eye and face wash inspections? Answering the questions below should help. (Or download this free checklist to use with the test record)
1. Is the path to the emergency eyewash station well-lit and clear of obstacles?
Personnel sometimes leave equipment or materials in front of or in the path of an eyewash station, without realizing it could hinder someone’s access in an emergency. If a person has impaired vision because of a chemical splash, obstructions in the path of the eye wash could cause them further injuries.
2. Is the eye/face wash clearly visible and demarcated?
Labels and signs weather over time and may even fall off. Update and replace signs as necessary.
3. How is the flow and pressure of the water when activated?
Scale buildup in the nozzles or piping impedes the water supply. Weekly testing minimizes this risk and identifies potential problems such as low flow rates. Remember, emergency eye washes should deliver a flow of at least 1.5 liters/minute (.4 gallons/minute), for 15 minutes. Eye/face wash stations must flow at 11.4 liter/minute (3 gallons/minute). Correct any water supply issues immediately.
4. Is there dirt or rust in the water?
Tiny particles found in dirt or rust can cause further damage to the eye. Check water supply filters and flush the emergency eye wash equipment until all contaminants are out of the system.
5. Are there any electrical connections close to the eye wash or eye/face wash station?
Water and electricity don’t mix. Electrical outlets should be six feet away unless protected by Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters. Keep all electrical equipment at least three feet away from an emergency eye wash station.
6. Does the supply valve remain open after activation?
ANSI specifies emergency eyewash stations should only switch off when the operator intentionally closes the valve. If the activation valve closes (thus stopping the flow) without this intervention, repair the system as soon as possible.
7. Are all employees properly trained in how to use emergency eye wash and eye/face wash equipment and know where it is located?
All employees that could be exposed to hazardous materials should be trained in how to use the eyewash equipment. Keep in mind, depending on the industry, some employees wear many hats. It’s not always easy to keep everything straight, including how to operate emergency eyewash stations. Those who work across multiple departments may even forget where the equipment is located in certain areas of the facility. That’s why regular, ongoing training on all safety equipment is essential. In addition to employee orientation training, offer regular training refreshers for existing employees. Ask employees to act out how to use the equipment during an eye injury situation. If unable to do so, evaluate and update current training procedures.
8. Is the nozzle protection working as designed?
ANSI requires protection for the nozzles from airborne contaminants, to prevent squirting dirt or dust into someone’s eyes on activation. Make sure the nozzle caps come off with water flow as designed. Initiate a maintenance task if there is any malfunction of the nozzle protection.
Contact Hughes Safety Showers for Your Emergency Eyewash and Eye/Face Wash Equipment
Hughes Safety Showers is a leading supplier of emergency showers and eyewashes. We provide free site surveys to help you evaluate your existing emergency equipment. Browse our range of eye wash and eye/face wash stations here or contact us to set up a free site survey for your facility.